There is a trend in the history that repeats over and over again.
The civilization goes through a certain path. They start weak and then they grow gradually during hundreds of years until then they reach the peak, the top. For example, the Persians civilization before islam (2000 years of duration until it peaked), the Byzantins and the Romans (1200 years of growth until it peaked) and you see this over and over again.
But what people don't understand is that when a civilsation collapses, it collapses so quickly.
The Persians were the highest in civilisation and competed only with the Romans. Their capital was in Irak. They had the most powerful army in the world. 350 000 people battled in those armies.
How many armies in the world today have these numbers? They had the best fighters and the best equipments in the world. You want to talk about science, art etc? They were the highest of countries when islam started. They were united under one King and it was a huge empire. They excelled in every area of the life. The first attack was in the 12th of Hijrah. One was held by Ali (raa) and the other army attacked the north of Irak. The attacks started in the 12th year of hijrah.
Khalid ibn Walid was a leader when they attacked Irak and then he was ordered to go to Palestine. Another one continued the attack. They faced the Persians under the battle al'Qadisiyya in 15th of Hijra. It took three years before the Persian civilastion collapsed. How could this happen? They were the best in army, techique, art, science, they are politically strong, the highest and so on. What cause that civilazation to collapse?
Let us take the Roman civilization. It was the second superpower of the world, military speaking. But they were competeing with the Persians. They had three capitals, Constantinopel which is Istanbul, Jerusalem and al-Quds, Alexandria for northern Africa which controled all AFrica. It was a huge imperial under one leader, Ceasar.
When the prophet sent his messenger Ceasar was i Jerusalem, but normally he was in Istanbul. 340 000 men were in the roman army. We know about the roman politics, philosophy etc. It was a very strong civilisation.
The first attack on the Roman. Four armies with 34 000 men (310 000 less than the Roman empire's armies) were sent by Abukri Sadiq raa. Amr Ibn Al-As was sent to Palestine and Jordan, and Ziad ibno Abi one to Syria, one to Palestine and Libanon and one Muawiya to the northern of Palestine and Syria. They started to move. When Ceasar heard about this he left Jerusalem and went to Damascus and when they came further he left Damascus for Instanbul. He was aware of this new power. He knew. Ceasar was very clever. when he left Syria he said: Good bye Syria forever. So they moved.
340 000 of Ceasars men were sent to battle the Muslims. When the Muslims heard about it they knew that this was a huge danger. Khalid ibn Walid saw that the leaders in Palestine were not United. So he united the four armies and choosed Khalid ibn Walid as the leader, because nobody could lead an arrmy as Khalid. They broke the back of the roman and the rest was so easy. A civilization that were that strong collapsed in two years.
Umar ibn al-Khattab became the director and he said Let me conquer Egypt. This was the 18th year after Hijrah. The number to fighting men were 4 000. He was attacking 1 000 000 in Egypt with only 4 000 them. The armies were already reaching india during this time. This number were applied with 8 000 men. Amongst the 4 000 there are counted as 1 000, so there is 8 000 men. Do we see today men that counts up to 1000. Most of the men don't face up to one.
Egypt was one of the strongest nations in the world AND reign by the Romans. They conquered Egypt, not in years, but in months. What is this? So few conquer so many and so strong civilisations.
The first attack on the Spanish empire was in the year of 9th Hijrah. Led by Tariq ibn Zied who was not an Arab. 92 was the first attack. 95 they finished Spain and Portugal and was only 60 km from Paris one years later. What happened to the French? Why could not they stop them? We are not talking about hundreds of years here. Only two or three at maximum.
1. Moral destruction within. They had no morals and were corrupt from inside. They were materialistic, sexual relations, individualism which is very close to our civilisatioin today. But this is not enought for the collapse of the civilasation.
2. A stronger civilisation materialistically or morally is attacking or challenging them. That is why the Mongolians conquered Europe because they were stronger materialistically (not morally). And we see this trend over and over again.
Don't be fouled by the power of the unbelievers. It does not last.
The islamic civilazation!
islam is the only nation that have not been perished. They are still here today.
Islam started in Mecka. A civilization start when you start without a country until you establish it on land. The first years the ideology were developed. There was no political system, social system, judicial system at the beginning. There were only prayer, fasting, zakah and hajj.
So with Hijrah, the lands civilization started in Medina. This was also the start of a state. Even the Qur'an changed. The style from the Meckanian time to the Medina time in the Qur'an changed.
How large was the state? One very small town, Yathrib (today Medina in Saudi-Arabia). Approximately 30 000 lived there with Jews and every one counted.
Year 2 of Hijrah The Battle of Badr .The Muslims in Badr were 314 in numbers. The unbelievers were 950. So they were not larger in number. The whole battle was a very small battle. The battle lasted two hours. Not two days. Two hours. One of the kuffar, who was not from Quraish. He watched it as a movie. His name was Asham. He expected an long Indian movie or something. So he thought for himself: I have never seen a surprise like this. They are running like women.
Five years later he visited Medina. The Prophet saw him and asked hiim his name and if he watched the battle. Didn't you say this and he peace upon him said what the man thought that moment he saw the battle. He was startled as he had never spoken this to anyone. He converted to islam directly on place. Only 17 vwere killed and 17 were wounded less than people that dies today in Irak. And this battle is the greatest of Islam. Why? A small battle in numbers, very short i time and limited in place. They did not conquer Mecka. So why?
It is the battle that divide the good from the evil.
We understand it from one person from Medina. When he one day came back from a battle he said: "Why are you congratulating us. We met some old bold men. That was very simple." That was so easy. The prophet peace be upon him heard saying that and corrected him. "Don't say this, my nephew. We killed the leaders". Only two of the leaders from Quraish were saved. Abu Lahab, the uncle of the Prophet, who did not attend the battle. When he heard the news, he was so angry and sad that he died three days later. Only Abu Sufian who took care of the caravan So after this the political system changed in the Quraish because every member of the Parliament were dead in one shot.
The Muslims were defeated in Uhud. Allah wants to tell them: It is not strength that makes you win, It is when you take the straight path, obediance. This was in 3 of Hijrah.
The battle of Khaybar. On the 5th year the Muslims were helped by the Jews and many more Arab tribes. The army was very strong. 10 000 men at that time was very strong. This is the battle of the ditch or the Anzab, the allies. They was attacked in huge stony places. From the SW from the mountains protected them, in the N the ditch, in the SE the Jews were supposed to help the Muslims.. But they did not keep their promises. They agreed instead with the Quraysh to attack the Muslims from the south. This is when the Muslims were so afraid. It was THE test. You know how many that left? EVeryone of the 10 000 ran away and were left with only 300. Allah made the enemy so afraid that they all ran away.
Was this a strong civilisations with buildings, mosques, art, science, materialstic things? No, nothing. This was not a great civilisation from a materialistic point of view. They did not have a strong army or equipments. What did they have?
If somebody dies from a wound from a battle he is a shaheed.
The battle of At'taif and the battle of khunayn.
It is not the strength that makes them defeat the other. It is obediance to Allah. So in one battle they were very strong. They were many and the enemies so few. For the first time they were 1200 and the enemies were 10 000 and they were defeated. Because they thought they were stronger of their numbers. They forget that they were in the army of Allah. Only 100 men were left with the prophet peace be upon him. The prophet did not left the battle. This is when 100 men from the Muslims defeated 10 000. This was the battle when the Muslims collected the remains.
Some related stuff:
- The future of the religion and islam Part II
- Prophets and Messengers in Islam
- Ramadan! Why do I fast? What is the purpose of it?
- Djihad - beyond your limits
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