2012/07/21

Are you permitted to break the fast?

Question
You have a cold and allergy. You stay at home right now, but take the car sometimes to shop or visit your family. You are in your thirties and have two kids. You are not pregnant nor do you have an infant at home. You do not work at all, except at home, and you are not in prison, alhamdolillah. Are you permitted to break the fast? 


Discussion
Those who are permitted to break the fast, but who must pay a "ransom" for not fasting is elderly men and women, the chronically ill, those who have to perform difficult jobs under harsh circumstances and who cold not find any other way to support themselves. all of these people are allowed to bread their fast, because such a prctice would place too much hardship on them during any part of the year. They are obliged to feed one poor person a day (for every day of fasting that they do not perform). The scholars differ over how much food is to be supplied, but there is nothing in the sunnah that mentions exactly how much is to be given. 


For those who can fast' but do not is the weak elderly people, the chronically ill, the workers who are working under sever conditions such as coal miners or criminals who are sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labor. They hav to pay the ransom if they have the means to do so, says Sheikh Muhammad 'Abduh on commenting al-Baqarah's ayah (verse i Qur'an). They do not have to make up these days later if they pay the ransom. 


It is allowed for those who are (not chronically) ill and for travelers to break their fasts during Ramadan, but they must make up the days they missed. A sick person may break his fast which, if continued, would only aggravate the illness or delay its cure. This could be determined by experience or by consultation with a trustworthy physician, or if there is enough evidence to suggest that one would become ill, says Sabiq. In al-Mughni it is stated: "It is related from some of the early scholars that any type of illness allows one to break the fast, even an injury to the finger or a toothache. They based their opinion on the following: (a) the working of the verse is general and applies to all types of illness, and (b) a traveler is allowed to break his fast even if he does not need to and, therefore, the same must be the case for one who is sick." This was also the opinion of al-Bukhari, 'Ata, and the Dhahiri school of thought. 


One who is healthy but fears that he will become ill if he fasts can break the fast, as can the person who is overcome by hunger and/or thirst and fears that he may die because of it, even if he is resident and healthy. He must make up the days of fasting that he missed. The following two Qur'anic 'ayahs support this point: "And do not kill yourself, Lo! Allah is ever Merciful to you," and "He has not laid upon you in your religion any hardship."


If a sick person fasts and withstands the hardships of the fast, his fast will be vaild but disliked, for he did not accept the concession Allah gave him, thereby causing himself much hardship. Some of the companions would fast during the Prophet's life time while others would not (that is, if they were ill). 


The scholars agree that it is obligatory for menstruating women and women with post-childbirth bleeding to break the fast and to make up the missed days later on. 


Answer
Perhaps I could be allowed to break the fast, because I have a chronically sickness, called allergy. I also have a cold. So therefore I believe that I am allowed to break the fast, but I won't. 


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When is the arrival of Ramadan? How do you know?

This event is confirmed by sighting the new moon, even if it is seen by only one just person, or by the passage of thirty days in the immediately preceding month of Sha'ban. Ibn 'Umar said: "The people were looking for the new moon and when I reported to the Messenger of Allah that I had seen it, he fasted and ordered the people to fast." This is related by Abu Dawud, al-Hakim, and Ibn Hibban, who declared it to be sahih. Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet instructed: "Fast after you have seen it [the new crescent] and end the fast [at the end of the month] when you see it. If it is hidden from you, then wait until the thirty days of Sha'ban have passed." This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

So why do the Muslims start fasting in different days sometimes?

According to the majority of scholars, it does not matter if the new moon has been sighted in a different location. In other words, after the new moon is seen anywhere in the world, it becomes obligatory for ALL Muslims to begin fasting, ast the Prophet said: "Fast due to its sighting and break the fast due to its sighting." This hadith is a general address directed to the whole Muslim world - that is, "if any one of you sees the moon in any place, then that will be a sighting for all of the people."

Here is the answer:

According to 'Ikrimah, al-Qasim ibn Muhammad, Salim, Ishaq, the correct opinion among the Hanafiyyah, and the chosen opinion among the Shaf'iyyah, every "country" (or territory) is to take into consideration its own sighting and not necessarily to follow the sighting of others. This is based on what Kuraib said: "While I was in ash-Sham, the new moon of Ramadan appeared on Thursday night. I returned to Madinah at the end of the month. There, Ibn 'Abbas asked me: 'When did you people see the new moon?' I said: 'We saw it on Thursday night.' He said: 'Did you see it yourself?' I said: 'Yes, the people saw it, and they and Mu'awiyyah fasted.' He said: 'But we saw it on Friday night. We will not stop fasting until we complete thirty days or until we see the new moon.' I said: 'Isn't Mu'awiyyah's sighting and fasting sufficient for you?' He said: 'No... This is the order of the Messenger of Allah.' "This is related by Ahmad, Muslim and at-Tirmidhi.


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Why I love Abu Huraira


One of the sahaba that I love dearly is Abd al-Rahman ibn Sakhr Al-Azdi, or widely more known, Abu Huraira.

I want to share some of his life with you:

Abu Huraira

Abu Hurairah was born in Baha, Yemen into the Banu Daws tribe from the region of Tihamah on the coast of the Red Sea. His father had died, leaving him with only his mother and no other relatives. His name at birth was Abd al-Shams (servant of the sun). However, as a child, he had a cat and became known as "Abu Hurairah" (which literally means "Father of the Kitten" or more idiomatically "Of the kitten").

After embracing Islam Abu Hurairah looked after the mosque and Prophet Muhammad. He made it a regular habit to give the left over food to the wandering cats. Gradually the number of cats around the mosque increased. He loved to caress and play with them. Hence he got the name Abu Hurairah - Father (care taker) of kitten.

As a young man, he worked for Bushra bint Ghazwan.

In speeches and lectures, in Friday khutbahs and seminars, in the books of hadith and sirah, fiqh and ibadah, the name Abu Hurairah is mentioned in this fashion:

"On the authority of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, who said: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said …".

Through this phrase millions of Muslims, from the early history of Islam to the present, have come to be familiar with the name Abu Hurairah.

His mother
His mother, Maymouna Bint Subaih,[4] who was still a polytheist, was with him. He prayed for her to become a Muslim, but she refused. Sunni sources report:

One day, he again invited his mother to believe in the One God and His Prophet. She answered with some bad words about the Prophet. Abu Hurairah went to the Prophet with tears in his eyes. “Why are you crying, Abu Hurairah?” asked the Prophet. “I always invite my mother to Islam, and she always refuses,” said Abu Hurairah. “I asked her again today. But she said some things about you that made me sad. Can you pray to Allah for her to turn to Islam?” The Prophet prayed for Abu Hurairah’s mother to accept Islam. When Abu Hurairah went home, he found the door closed. He heard the splashing of water. He tried to enter the house, but his mother said, “Wait a minute. Don’t come in yet.” Then she got dressed and said, “You can come in now.” When Abu Hurairah went inside, his mother said, “I declare that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.” Abu Hurairah again went to the Prophet crying. But this time his tears were tears of joy. “I have good news, Rasul'Allah,” he said. “Allah has answered your prayer and guided my mother to Islam.”

Abu Hurairah died in 681 or 59 AH at the age of 78 and was buried at Al-Baqi'.[7]

Of the hadith held as authentic by the Sunnis, Abu Hurairah is the most quoted person in men. Next to him come the names of such companions as Abdullah ibn Umar, Anas ibn Malik, Jabir ibn Abdullah, Abu Said al-Khudri and Aisha (the youngest wife of the Prophet) all of whom transmitted over a thousand sayings of Muhammad.

He is quoted saying:

“I grew up as an orphan. I emigrated as a poor person. I used to serve Gazevan’s daughter, Bushra. I served others when they stopped on the road. I drove the camels on the road. Then Allah made it possible for me to marry Bushra. Praise be to Allah who has strengthened His religion and made me an imam (leader).”

His daughter married Said ibn Al-Musayyib.

Some related stuff:

Sunnah is like medicine
Are you permitted to break the fast?
Ramadan

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Ramadan! Why do I fast? What is the purpose of it?

As-Siyam generally means "to abstain from something." For example, a verse in the Qur'an says: "I have vowed to the Merciful to abstain" - that is, from speaking. What is meant here is abstaining from food, drink, and sexual intercourse from dawn until sunset with the explicit intention of doing so (for the sake of Allah). 

The Virtues of Fasting: Abu Hurairah reported the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, saying: "Allah said: 'Every action of the son of Adam is for him except fasting, for that is solely for Me. I give the reward for it.'

The fast is a shield. If one is fasting, he should not use foul language, raise his voice, or behave foolishly. If someone reviles him or fights with him he should say, 'I am fasting, ' twice. By the One in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, the breath of the one who is fasting is better in the sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection than the smell of musk. The one who is fasting is happy at two times: when he breaks his fast he is happy with it, and when he meets his Lord he will be happy that he has fasted." This is related by Ahmad, Muslim, and an-Nasa'i. A similar version was recorded by al-Bukhari and Abu Dawud, but with the following addition: "He leaves his food, drink, and desires for My sake. His fasting is for Me, ... I will give the reward for it, and for every good deed, he will receive ten similar to it."

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: "The fast and the Qur'an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: 'O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.' The Qur'an will say: 'I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him-' And their intercession will be accepted." Ahmad related this hadith with a sahih chain. 

Abu Umamah reported: "I came to the Messenger of Allah and said: 'Order med to do a deed that will allow me to enter Paradise.' He said: 'Stick to fasting, as there is no equivalent to it.' Then I came to him again and he said: 'Stick to fasting.'" This hadith is related by Ahmad, an-Nasa'i, and al-Hakim who classified it as sahih. 

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah said: "No servant fasts on a day in the parth of Allah except that Allah removes the hellfire seventy years further away from his face." This is related by "the group," except for Abu Dawud. 

Sahl ibn Sa'd reported that the Prophet said: "There is a gate to Paradise that is called ar-Rayyan. On the Day of Resurrection it will say: 'Where are those who fasted?' When the last has passed through the gate, it will be locked." This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim. 


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Are you Couragous?

I have a lot of thoughts. I am a woman and I do not have an empty box that I can open and just BE, like the men, so I think.


I think about the Muslims now being killed by the Buddhists. Why can't the Buddhist leave the Muslims alone and why don't the Muslims do anything about it?


I also think about the refugee-camp in Kenya, that is supported and protected by the U.N. Why can't they have a decent home and help from the wealthy people in Europe and why can't they come here a while. I want to welcome them for a while, and then, when it is better in their countries, give them the choice to choose to go home or stay. There IS room for everyone in Europe, but most people that speak up in media are racists or do not care at all. Those who care, they already help people in the poor countries somehow, financially, or others.


I also think about the Muslims and how afraid they are all the time. They do not have the courage, most of them dont have it. They do not speak up. Because if they struggle for the right of something or someone, they are called extremists or terrorist and that is NOT okay, they think. Media do not help them either. They only care about the lates Music album or the weather. Because they know that if they focus on the situation of the Muslims in the world, the world and the peopel in it will start to care and they will start trying to do something, Meanwhile, they are watching the news, watching brothers and sisters and daughters and sons being slaughtered, while drinking coffee or chatting online. THAT is not acceptable.


Stand up and write and let everybody know what is important. Now it is Ramadan. We MUST help our brothers and sisters in Burma or in Kenya somehow. Allah sees everything we do. If we die, by a terrorist-buddhist, it is all worth it. But who is willing to join the Swedish army or the American army to stop this war and slaughter? Nobody. Not even I. So I keep writing and hoping that my words will touch anyone who want to stop this. Israel can interfere and help the Muslims if they want to, they have everything to do that. I hope that a Jew will read this and fight for the Muslims right to live. I hope that an American Christian will read this and keep on interfering for the sake of the Muslims. I hope that the Atheists will know, and pray for the Muslims.


I hope that somebody could be Couragous. Are you?


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Second day of Ramadan - dry mouth and allergy

This is the second day of Ramadan 2012. Yesterday I slept very badly, because I did the laundry during night-time and had to pick up the clothes at six o'clock. Then I had my son sleeping at my best-friends house, and I did not know if he was going home or not, so I had to wake up at 10 again. I went to bed at 2 o'clock in the morning. Then I had to drive my crippled husband (he had a surgery and can't drive for four weeks) to his work and to the masjid. After that we went shopping. At this time everyone were at the store at the same time. So we had to wait a long time to get the meat we wanted. In Sweden it is not allowed to slaughter in a Muslim way, so we do not have so many places where we can buy either. Normally we buy imported meat from Ireland, Germany and sometimes Denmark. 


After we have finished shopping I had a head-ache because of the sun and the fatigue. When I came home I felt much better. Then I had to start cooking. My husband made a deal, to bring together every soul Muslim, to cook together and then share. So I made two soups. One libanese lentil-soup and one tomato-based Chorba from Tunisia, my husbands country. I also made two sorts of salads. I wanted to do sunnah, and focus on my eyes so I put mushrooms in the salad. I also bought honey, as it is good for the eyes. I made a glass of not so hot water, and mixed two spoons of honey with one spoon cinnamon. It was delicious. I thought it would be disgusting, as I used to take one teaspoon of ginger, but it was heavenly. 


After maghrib, the sunset, I ate the lentilsoup and the salad with the goat-cheese. bit first I broke the fast with dates and the mixture of honey and cinnamon, prayed the maghrib-prayer and then I ate. I was full very quickly. 


I felt good. I had my tunisian soup and the other mushroom-salad for breakfast at two o'clock. I also felt more hungry after mid-night. So late that night I ate the rize and the kebab/köfte that my husbands friend made. I ate just a little of it. I did not drink much water, sadly enought, because when I went to bed I was fine, but then, three hours later, at six o'clock, I could no longer sleep, because my nose was all blocked, caused by my allergy against pollen and grass. I had forget to take my anti-histamin. I dreamt about water, and my mouth was dry. I tried to scratch my teeth against my tongue to produce saliva. I wanted to continue to sleep. Normally I sneeze when I wake up, but today I could not. 


So I took a shower and thought that perhaps it would be better to get up and start the morning (even though I only slept for three hours) so I took a shower. After that my nose is still blocked out and I breath with my mouth, but the body has woken up and starts to produce saliva again, alhamdolillah. 


Tonight I want to drink more water, as it is very important to my health. This time I will not forget the anti-histamin either inchallah. 

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