Does the dead person know about the visit of the livings and their salutations?

Nobody have ever talked about death as the Muslims do. The Christians don't and the Jews don't. When somebody talks about death in the Western society, they only talk about how to bury the dead person. That is it. Then they talk about the grief about the person who lost somebody. That is it. But, in islam, we have many hadiths about the death and what happens after death. When I first read about it and heard about it, I was amazed, terrified and astonished. How could Muslims know? And i detail? 

When you visit a grave, you sometimes talk with the dead. But does the dead person hear you? The people of the believers know about us and hear us on Fridays. They want us to come to them every Friday. They like our visits.  

The son of Abdel-Barr said: It was confirmed from the Holy Prophet peace be upon him who had said: No Muslim who passes by the grave of his brother, knowing him in the world, and he salutes him, but Allah Ta'ala (The exalted) returns on him his soul, until (the dead) returns the salutation, i.e. the dead person knows him in specific, and he will return the salutation. 

...And in the two Sahihs (Sahih Muslim and Sahih al-Bukhari), from him (peace be upon him) from many phases: "That he had ordered with the slain during Badr to be thrown in Qulaib (well). Then he came until he stood over them and he called them by their names: O' Such, the son of Such, and O'Such, the son of Such, did you find what your Lord had promised you?" Thereupon Umar said to him: O' Messenger of Allah, do you talk to dead people? He, peace be upon him, said then: By whom had sent me with the righ, you do not hear me with what I say more than them. But they ar not able to answer."

And it was cinfirmed from him (The messenger, may the blessing and peace of Allah be upon him) that the dead hears the tapping of the scuffs of the escorts, if they go away from him. 

"Uthman bin Sawda at-Tafawi had narrated, he said: His mother was among the worshippers. She was called a nun. He said: When she was at the brick of death, she raised her head to the sky, and said: O, my Supplier, and on whom I depend i my life, and after my death, do not dismay me at the death time, and do not make me alone in my grave. He said. then she died. I used to come to her every Friday, invoking Allah and asking forgiveness for her and to the people of the graves. I saw her one day in my dream. I said to her: O' mother, how are you? She said: O, son, that for death a vehement anguish, and I am by the prais of allah in an extoled partition, stretching out the musks, and lying in it on the sacrenet and the silk brocades til the Day of Resurrection. I said to her then. Do you want anything? She said: yes. I said: And what this can be? She said: do not abandon what you used to do, of visiting and invoking for us, and I feel happy with your coming on Friday, when you come from amongst your family. It would be said for me: O, nun, this is your son, he has com. I would be happy and all those around me of the dead will be happy."

Does the dead know what we, the living persons, do?

Abdullah ben al-Mubarak said: Thawr ben Yazid had narrated from Abu Aiyub. He said: 
'The deeds of the living are exhibited on the dead, if they see good they are happy and anounce the glad tidings and if they see evil they say: Our Lord, see in it'. 
And the son of Abu ad-Dunia had mentioned from Ahmad ben Abu al-Hawari. he said: 'Muhammad my brother had narrated, he said': 
'Abbad ben Abbad had come upon Ibrahim be Saleh. He was in Palestine. He said': 'Preach me'. 'He said: 'With what I preach you, may Allah lead you to the right way?' 'It reached me that the deeds of the living are exhibited on their dead relatives, then wait for what is exhibited on the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him of your deeds.' 
Then Ibrahim cried until his beard became wet. 

From the book "The soul - Kitab ar-ruh" Compiled by Imam Shamseddin abi Abdullah from Ibn Kaiyim al-Jawziya 1292 - 1356 A.C. (691-751). Rendered to English by F. Amira Zrejn Matraji. Corrected and revised by Mahmoud Matraji. Dar el Fikr, Beirut.  

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